On Thursday, September 6, 2018, the United States House of Representatives passed H.R. 4606 – Ensuring Small Scale LNG Certainty and Access Act (the “Bill”) by a vote of 260-146 largely along party lines with 37 Democrats joining 223 Republicans. The Bill amends Section 3(c) of the Natural Gas Act (15 U.S.C. 717b(c)) (the “NGA”) to provide that the importation or exportation of natural gas shall be deemed in the public interest and an application for such importation and exportation shall be granted by the Department of Energy (the “DOE”) without modification or delay, if:
(1) the volume of natural gas to be imported or exported does not exceed 0.14 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/D); and
(2) the approval of such application by the DOE would not require an environmental assessment (an “EA”) or environmental impact statement (an “EIS”) under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (the “NEPA”) (i.e., a categorical exclusion applies).
Currently, only those applications for the importation or exportation of natural gas (including liquefied natural gas) from or to countries with which the United States has a free trade agreement are deemed by the NGA to be in the public interest and thus subject to approval without delay or modification.